Are you worried about gum disease and losing your teeth?

If you have noticed your gums bleeding, have bad breath, or see some movement in your teeth it’s probably time to see the dentist, as you may have periodontal disease.

Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease is a condition which affects the gums and bone surrounding the teeth. When healthy our gums are a pale pink color and firm. When the gums become red and swollen, there is probably gum disease present. Periodontal disease is a bacterial infection that, if left untreated, can lead to tooth loss.

Periodontal Disease Types

Gingivitis - This is the mildest form of gum disease, and it causes the gums to become inflamed. They become red, swell and bleed very easily. Bleeding is the first sign of gingivitis, and most people will notice this when they brush or floss their teeth. Gingivitis is known as a 'Silent killer' as there is usually little or no discomfort and caused most often by poor oral hygiene. But the great news, if gingivitis is caught early enough, it can be reversed with professional dental treatment followed by good oral health care regimes.

To treat gingivitis your dentist or hygienist will clean the teeth professionally and then advise you on how to improve tooth cleaning at home. Basic periodontal treatments involve cleaning out the deposits of plaque from above and below the gums and accompaning this with an effective oral hygiene routine at home.


When left untreated gingivitis can lead to periodontitis. This occurs when plaque deposits continue to spreads and grow between the gum lines. The accumulated bacteria irritates the gums and causes tissues and bone that support the teeth to be destroyed, and the gums begin to separate from the teeth, forming pockets that become infected. These pockets will continue to deepen, and more and more gum tissue and bone will be destroyed. Eventually, the teeth will become loose and have to be extracted.

If you have periodontal disease, we can provide a variety of different specialist treatment options depending on the severity of your case.

What does the specialist treatment involve?

These can be surgical or non-surgical. Non-surgical treatments involve in-depth cleaning of all surfaces under the teeth above and below the gum using fine powered air flow machines, deep scaling and hand operated cleaning instruments on the tooth surfaces. Surgical treatments involve more in-depth cleaning of the teeth below the gum line using surgical techniques to gain access. This treatment involves pushing the gums away from the teeth so that the roots can be seen.

Two types of gum surgery are available:-

  • Surgery to clean the roots of the teeth - root planing.

  • Surgery to replace the lost bone and soft tissues as well as clean the roots of the teeth

What are the benefits of periodontal treatment?

After a course of periodontal treatment, your gums will be healthier, and this should help you keep your teeth longer. Redness, swelling, and bleeding should all be resolved and if you experienced any pain or discomfort this to should also, and any loose teeth may feel firmer.

Warning signs to look out for of periodontal disease.

  • Gums look or feel red, swollen and tender

  • Bleeding when you brush or floss

  • Receding Gums

  • Loose teeth

  • Pus around the gums and teeth

  • Mouth sores

  • Bad breath

  • Teeth do fit together when you bite as they once did

Risk Factors

  • Smoking - Not only is it one of the most significant risk factors it can also lower the chances of successful treatments.

  • Hormonal changes - Such as during the teenage years or pregnancy can make gums more sensitive and susceptible to gingivitis developing.

  • Diabetes - Diabetics have a higher risk of developing infections.

  • Stress - Stress can make it very difficult for our bodies to fight infection.

  • Medications - Some drugs, can affect oral health because they lessen the flow of saliva.

  • Illnesses - Diseases and their treatments can also affect the health of gums.

  • Genetic susceptibility - Some people are more prone to severe periodontal disease due to a family history of the disease.

How can i prevent Gum Disease?

  • Brush and floss your teeth twice a day

  • Visit the dentist routinely for a check-up and professional cleaning

  • Eat a good diet

  • Don’t use tobacco products